Jargon Buster

CRISP  

Criteria for Special Provision.  A Birmingham assessment of pupil’s level of need. Can be used to assess the funding required to meet pupil’s needs.

 

EHC plan  

Education health and care plan. A statutory document drawn up by the LA,    setting out the education, health and social care support to be provided to a child or young person with SEN or a disability.  Replacing statements and learning difficulty assessments by April 2018

 

Graduated approach  

A four-part cycle for assessing, planning, delivering and reviewing provision for pupils with SEN

 

Habilitation  

One-to-one training for children and young people with a vision impairment. It aims to develop their personal mobility, navigation and independent living skills.

 

LA  

Local authority

 

LDA  

Learning difficulty assessment. A statutory document drawn up by the LA      describing the provision for a young person with SEN in post-16 education, training or higher education. Being replaced by EHC plans by April 2018

 

Local offer  

Sets out information about provision that the LA expects to be available in its area for children and young people with SEND. Published by the LA

 

Mediation  

A form of disagreement resolution for parents and young people considering appealing decisions about education, healthy and care (EHC) needs assessments and plans at the tribunal

 

MLD  

Moderate learning difficulties

 

Outcome  

Describes the difference that will be made to an individual as a result of special educational and other provision. Must be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-bound (SMART)

 

Personal budget  

An amount of money requested by parents or young people for securing provision set out in an EHC plan. The budget, prepared by the LA, can be held directly by the parent or young person, or managed on their behalf by the LA, school or other organisation.

 

PMLD  

Profound and multiple learning difficulties

 

Pupil profile  

A non-statutory document setting out school-based support and interventions for a pupil with SEN. Other types of school-based plan, which may be used in  other settings, include IEPs, SEN support plans, pupil passports, and one-page profiles.

 

SALT  

Speech and language therapy, sometimes speech and language therapist

 

 

SEMH

 

 

Social, emotional and mental health difficulties

 

SEND  

Special educational needs and disabilities. A pupil has SEN if he or she needs special educational provision due to a learning difficulty or disability (see special educational provision)

 

SEN         information report  

A document published on the school website, setting out the school’s provision for pupils with SEN

 

SEND policy  

Sets out the vision, values and aims of the school’s SEND arrangements. Is not necessarily a standalone document.

 

SEN support  

An overall term that refers to pupils needing special educational provision who do not have EHC plans. Replaces the previous categories of School Action (SA) and School Action Plus (SA+).

 

SENDCo/SENCo  

Special educational needs co-ordinator. The person in a school responsible for co-ordinating provision for pupils with SEND.

 

SEND  

Special educational needs and disabilities.

 

SEND Code of Practice  

Statutory guidance (provided by the government) setting out the duties and responsibilities of organisations, including schools, in relation to children and young people with SEND.

 

SEND    resource base  

Specialist provision within a mainstream school, also known as an SEN unit or specialist resource base. If you feel your child could benefit from a resource base, our SENDCo can advise on this.

 

SLCN  

Speech and language communication needs.

 

SLD  

Severe learning difficulties. Can also refer to speech and language difficulties.

 

Special   educational provision  

Provision to help pupils with SEN of disabilities access the curriculum that is different from or additional to the provision normally available to pupils of the same age.

 

Special school  

A school that is specifically organised to make special educational provision for pupils with SEND. A pupil requires an EHC plan to access this provision.

 

SpLD  

Specific learning difficulties. SpLD affect one or more particular aspects of learning. Examples include dyslexia, dyscalculia and dyspraxia.

 

Statement  

A statutory document drawn up by the LA describing the provision for a child or young person with SEN who is still at school. Being replaced by EHC plans by April 2018.

 

Top-up funding  

Additional funding available from the LA for pupils with high needs, i.e. those whose educational provision costs more than £6000 per year. Usually accessed through a CRISP and EHC assessment.

 

Transition planning  

Preparation for moves between phases of education or for adult life.

 

Tribunal  

An independent body that determines appeals by parents or young people against LA decisions on EHC needs assessments and EHC plans, as well as claims of disability discrimination.